Pakistan

Introduction of Pakistan:


The founder of Pakistan is Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and who is also our first Pakistani leader. He gave us independence with the help of many more politicians who gave life, money, blood everything for become independent. Pakistan Came into being in 14 August 1947 in the holy month of Ramadan. Therefore now we are independent, and its our time to serve our country and make our country be able that can come into the first row of developed countries and give a hand for our beautiful country.
The history of Pakistan encompasses the history of the region constituting modern Pakistan. Prior to independence in 1947, the territory of modern Pakistan was a part of the British Indian Empire. Prior to that it was ruled in different periods by local kings and numerous imperial powers. The ancient history of the region comprising present-day Pakistan also includes some of the oldest of the names of empires of South Asia and some of its major civilizations. In the 19th century, the land was incorporated into British India. Pakistan's political history began with the birth of the All India Muslim League in 1906 to protect "Muslim interests, amid neglect and under-representation" and to oppose Congress; in return the British Raj would decide to grant local self-rule. On 29 December 1930, philosopher Sir Muhammad Iqbal called for an autonomous new state in "northwestern India for Indian Muslims". The League rose to popularity in the late 1930s. Muhammad Ali Jinnah espoused the Two Nation Theory and led the League to adopt the resolution of 1940, demanding the formation of independent states in the East and the West of British India. Eventually, a successful movement led by Jinnah resulted in the partition of India and independence from Britain, on 14 August 1947.

On 12 March 1949, the second constituent assembly of Pakistan passed the Objectives Resolution which was proposed by the first Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan, proclaimed that the future constitution of Pakistan would not be modeled entirely on a European pattern, but on the ideology and democratic faith of Islam. The legislative elections in 1954 saw the Awami League coming to power and its leader Huseyn Suhrawardy becoming country's first BengaliPrime minister. Promulgation of Constitution in 1956 lead to Pakistan declaring itself Islamic republic (official name) with the adoption of parliamentary democratic system of government. The constitution transformed the Governor-General of Pakistan into President of Pakistan (as head of state). Subsequently, Iskander Mirza became the first president as well as first Bengali in 1956, but the democratic system was stalled after President Mirza imposed the military coup d'état and appointed Ayub Khan as an enforcer of martial law. Two weeks later, President Mirza was ousted by Ayub Khan; his presidency saw an era of internal instability and a second war with India in 1965. Economic grievances and political disenfranchisement in East Pakistan led to violent political tensions and armed repression, escalating into guerrilla war[8] followed by the third war with India. Pakistan's defeat in the war ultimately led to the secession of East Pakistan and the birth of Bangladesh. Democracy again returned which was resumed from 1972 to 1977 under leftistPPP led by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, until he was vanquished by General Zia-ul-Haq, who became the country's third military president. Pakistan's British-imposed colonial but secular policies were replaced by the new Islamic Shariah legal code, which increased religious influences on the civil service and the military. With the death of President Zia-ul-Haq in 1988, the new general electionsannounced the victory of PPP led by Benazir Bhutto who was elevated as the country's first female Prime Minister of Pakistan. Over the next decade, she alternated power with conservative Pakistan Muslim League-N (PML(N)) led byNawaz Sharif, as the country's political and economic situation deteriorated. Military tensions in the Kargil conflict with India were followed by a 1999 coup d'état in which General Pervez Musharraf assumed executive powers. Self-appointing himself as President after the resignation of President Rafiq Tarar, Musharraf held nationwide general elections in 2002 to transfer the executive powers to newly elected Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali, who was succeeded in the 2004 by Shaukat Aziz. During the election campaign in 2007 following the parliament completing its term on 15 November 2007, Benazir Bhutto was assassinated which resulted in a series of important political developments when left-wing alliance led by PPP.Pakistan people party was the fist party in Pakistan the people were supporting the Pakistan people party. The historic general elections held in 2013 marked the return of PML(N) coming to national prominence with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif assuming the leadership of the country for the third time in its history.

 

Provinces of Pakistan

Pakistan is divided into five main provinces. Each province has a legislative provincial assembly lead by the chief minister while there is a Governor in each province who represents the central government. Each province is named after the major language spoken in it.

Sindh Province


Sindh Province is in the south east. Karachi the southern most metropolis is the capital of the Sindh province. Sindh is also attributed to the Indus river and is also abode of the Indus civilization. Moen Jo Daro is also situated in this province. Most of the people in Sindh Speak Sindhi language.

Culture of Sindh


The ancient Sindhi civilization was the place, where the aesthetic utilization of leisure was freely indulged. There has been evidence, that the excavations of sites dating back to 3000 B.C. (all over Sindh) is also true, around 1200 years ago when Jaina Dakshiniya Chihna (778 A.D.) described the distinguished features of Sindhi's in this way: "Elegant, with a lovely, soft and slow gait, they are fond of the art of harvas (that is, songs, music and dancing) and full affection towards their country." Sindhi's celebrate Sindh Cultural day worldwide on 6th December by wearing Ajrak & Sindhi Topi on that time.

  • Sindh Province

    Capital City Karachi.

Punjab Province


Punjab literally means the land of 5 rivers. Due to its rivers it is the most fertile and most populated province of Pakistan. People speak Punjabi here and have many colorful traditions. Most of Pakistanis outside Pakistan come from this province.

Culture of Punjab


Punjabi Culture is one of the oldest in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era. The scope, history, complexity and density of the culture are vast. Some of the main areas of the Punjabi culture include: Punjabi cuisine, philosophy, poetry, artistry, music, architecture, traditions and values and history. Some cities of Punjab have more importance for Sikh community from India. The founder of Sikh religion was born in Nankana Sahib, a district of Punjab so Sikh from different parts of world come and visits Punjab. Jahngir tomb and Badshahi Masjid in Lahore are the important places of Pakistan. Data Sahib is very scared place in Punjab and most of the people come and visit Data sahib every year.

  • Punjab Province

    Capital City Lahore

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa


The Pakhtoon Khwah is the land of Pakhtoon or Pathans as called by the English. This is the north western province of Pakistan. The people in this province live in a strict tribal system. recently this province has been hit by the troubles of Taliban.

Culture of Khyber Pakhtoon Khwah


Kpk is based on Islam and Pashtunwali, which is an ancient way of life.The most famous and renowed tribes in Khyber pakhtoonwar are Lodi,Suri,Hotaki, Durrani,BarakaziOne of the most famous dishes includes tikkah,serge,sugi ka halwa,kawa,chapali kabab,kabala palao,special long naans. And many more. Pathan are very famous for their poetry ,they are very passionate and patriotic which is obvious from their poetry. Some of the famous poets are include Amir Kror Suri, Khushal Khan Khattak, Rahman Baba and many others.

  • Khyber Pakhtonkhwa

    Capital City Peshawar

Balouchistan Province


The south western province of Pakistan it is the largest province of the country making about 40% of the total area of Pakistan. It is also most scarcely populated province of Pakistan.

Culture of Balouchistan


Baloch culture is opposite to the general perception about it. Though Balochistan is an area of barren lands, deserts and mountains, the Baloch culture is full of traditions, arts and crafts. Balochi embroidery is one of the most popular arts and crafts which are done by the females. Baluchistan is also known for its tribes and festivals. Another distinct feature of Baloch culture is the storytelling tradition. Poets and story tellers are highly respected in Baloch culture.

  • Balouchistan Province

    Capital City Quetta

Gilgit Baltistan!


Gilgit-Baltistan, formerly known as the Northern Areas of Pakistan is the northern most administrative territory of Pakistan.[8] It borders Azad Kashmir to the south, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan to the north, Xinjiang, China, to the east and northeast and Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast. The region, together with Azad Kashmir, Aksai Chin, Shakshagam Valley of China and Jammu and Kashmir, is disputed between India, China and Pakistan. Pakistan calls Gilgit-Baltistan an "autonomous self-governing region". However, the people of Gilgit-Baltistan believe that the notion of autonomy is an illusion and real power rests with Pakistan. Gilgit-Baltistan was established as a single administrative unit in 1970, formed by the amalgamation of the Gilgit Agency, the Baltistan region and the former princely states of Hunza and Nagar. It covers an area of 72,971 km (28,174 sq mi) and is highly mountainous.[13] It had an estimated population of 1,441,523 in 2011. Its capital city is Gilgit (population 216,760 est).

  • Gilgit Baltistan

    Capital City Gilgit

Important Persons

Shuhda Armies

Nishan-e-Haider is the Highest Military Award of Pakistan. Nishan-e-Haider means "Emblem of Haider", where Haider is the epithet of Hazrat Ali and means Lion. Nishan-e-Haider was established on 16 March 1957 however it was applied from the date of Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947.

Nishan-e-Haider is made of gun metal, captured from the enemy in the previous wars, with agreen ribbon and a star with five points is awarded to soldiers who show great bravery and courage in war or on active duty. All recipients of "Nishan-e-Haider" gave away the most valuable thing they had - their lives – in serving the nation and in defending the frontiers of Pakistan.

The list and pictures of those SHUHADA that received Nishan-e- Haider.

Achievements

April 20,2016

World’s Biggest Earth Filled Dam:

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Tarbela Dam is constructed on the Indus River, at Tarbela in Pakistan. The Dam is classified as the World's largest earth filled dam. While it is termed as the 2nd largest dam by its structural volume. The dam has an elevation of 9000 ft from the sea level while it is 485 ft high from the riverbed. The resulting water reservoir lake has a total surface area of 250 square kilometers. Since its inception, it has played a vital role in irrigation, hydroelectric power generation as well as flood control for Pakistan.

April 20,2016

World’s Largest Irrigation network:

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World's Largest Irrigation network

Pakistan boasts world's largest irrigation network. The development of this irrigation system is one of the major achievement of Pakistani engineers. This irrigitaion network provides water to 90% of the agricultural land in Pakistan which amounts to an area of 14.4 million hectares. This irrigation system consists of three major reservoirs: Tarbela dam and Chashma dam are built on river Indus while Mangla Dam is built on River Jhelum. The system is composed of numerous barrages, headworks and canals. The total length of all canals serving the agricultural land exceeds 58,500 km.

April 21,2016

World’s Highest Paved International Road:

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News - April 21,2016

(580) 668-6903

The Karakoram Highway has been classified as World's highest paved international road that serves as a terrestrial link for the trade between Pakistan and China. The road has an overall height of 4,693 meters (15,397 ft) above the sea level. The construction of this road posed numerous logistical and and technological challenges to Pakistani and Chinese Engineers. Many lost their lives during the process. No doubt it is rightly refrerred to by many as the Eight Wonder Of The World.

April 20,2016

World’s Highest Density Processor:

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World's Highest Density Processor:

The research and development of microprocessors has played a vital role in the computers, smart devices and telecommunication revolution that we see today. In this context, a team of Pakistani engineers from the company Avaz Networks, under the supervision of Dr Shoaib A. Khan, designed the World's highest density media processor for Voice Over Ip applications (VOIP). This single chip processor has the unique capability to handle to 2000 simultaneous VOIP calls.

April 20,2016

World’s Biggest Deep Sea Port:

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News - April 20,2016

World's Biggest Deep Sea Port:

Gwadar port located in Balochistan, on the shores of Arabian Sea, has been classified by experts as the world's largest warm water deep sea port. Its location is strategic because the region surrounding it has world’s two-third oil. The port is also poised to give China, Afghanistan, as well as, the landlocked and mineral rich countries of central asia the easiest and cheapest access to the Arabian sea. The port is only 533 km away from the city of Karachi which is the economic capital of Pakistan.

April 20,2016

World’s Youngest Microsoft Certified Professional

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News - April 20,2016

World's Youngest Microsoft Certified Professional

The title of the world's youngest Microsoft certified professional from 2004-2008 was also held by a Pakistani girl named Arfa Abdul Karim Randhawa. She was only nine years old when she acquired this title. She was personally invited by Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, to meet her. She also represented Pakistan at many tech and computer conferences. However, her story had a tragic end as she died of cardiac arrest aged just 16.

April 21,2016

World’s Brightest A-Level Student

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News - April 21,2016

World's Brightest A-Level Student

Ali Moeen Nawazish is a Pakistani student from the city of Rawalpindi who made history by scoring record number of A’s in a single year while studying for A levels at Trinity Hall, Cambridge university. He got 21 A’s in 2011 which is indeed a world record. Currently, he is also working as a columnist to highlight the issues faced by youth in Pakistan.

April 20,2016

World’s 3rd biggest elance workforce

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News - April 20,2016

World's 3rd biggest elance workforce

Elance is termed as the world's largest online platform where recruiters as well as freelancers from around the world interact with each other. The recruiters mostly post jobs related to the Web and mobile application development, Graphic designing, creative/technical writing, scientific problem solving, marketing and administration etc. There are free lancers from 158 countries that compete to win and execute those jobs. Hence, the market is highly competitive but Pakistanis accounts for one third of free lancers work force. Currently, Pakistani work force earns 500 million dollars a year in terms of revenues from Elance.

April 20,2016

Pakistan Supplies 50% of World’s Footballs:

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Pakistan Supplies 50% of World's Footballs:

Pakistan is famous for the quality of its sports equipment, especially, the one that is made in Sialkot. The most notable product of Pakistani sports industry is the hand stitched football. Around 60 million such footballs were produced this year alone. Out of that 40 million were officially supplied for the Football world cup held in Brazil.

April 20,2016

World’s First Muslim Nuclear State:

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World's First Muslim Nuclear State:

The design of the nuclear bomb is a complex challenge requiring expertise in multiple theoretical and experimental sciences. On top of that, this technology and related equipments are highly classified. That is why, only 7 nations in the world declare to have this technology. Pakistan on 28th May 1998 became the first and the only muslim country to possess this technology by successfully exploding six nuclear devices.

Pakistan

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